What protected civil liberties do you have? Do you have that right? In chapter 15, we differentiate between civil rights and civil liberties (we cover civil rights in the next chapter, so stay tuned next week!). Watch now: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=98bHbQnFiSQ&t=7s
In this chapter, we also look at selective incorporation — how the the US Supreme Court applied the Bill of Rights to the states, on a case-by-case, amendment-by-amendment basis. We also discover the difference between the establishment clause and the free exercise clause, the significance of Engel v. Vitale, and the ban of a religious test in Article VI of the US Constitution.
We also look at significant school cases, such as Tinker v. Des Moines (symbolic speech is free speech), Hazelwood v. Kuhlmeier (administrators can censor student publications), West Virginia Board of Ed. v. Barnette (Jehovah’s Witnesses, or anyone, including teachers, are not required to say the pledge of allegiance), Kelo v. City of New London, Connecticut (seizing of private property by the government for public use is constitutional), Miller v. California (community standards of decency establish obscenity laws), the SLAPS test, and Morse v. Frederick (speech endorsing illegal drug use may be prohibited).
We also differentiate between procedural due process and substantive due process, as well as look at search andn seizure rules outlined in the 4th amendment — including cases like Mapp v. Ohio (illegally seized evidence may be excluded from a case and cannot be used in court), Kyllo v. US (thermal imaging of a home without a warrant is a violation of the 4th amendment), Board of Ed. v. Earls (drug test of students for extracurriculars is constitutional), and New Jersey v. TLO (reasonable cause for a students search on a school campus is all that is needed – no warrant).
In the 5th amendment, we address Miranda v. Arizona (you DO have the right to remain silent — and should be made aware of your rights prior to police questioning). In the 6th amendment we address the right to counsel in Gideon v. Wainwright, and in the 8th amendment we see the Court (SCOTUS) has ruled the death penalty as constitutional and not cruel and usual punishment. It’s a LOT of great content in this chapter, so please check it out!
Good luck! Live the 5! – Mr. R.